Water Loves to Move!
You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Admin June 23, - Childbirth is not a factor to determine the timing for liposuction. This way the skin is able to better absorb nutrients into the body. November 16, at 4:
Movement of lymph
The substance of a lymph node consists of lymphoid follicles in an outer portion called the cortex. The inner portion of the node is called the medulla , which is surrounded by the cortex on all sides except for a portion known as the hilum.
The hilum presents as a depression on the surface of the lymph node, causing the otherwise spherical lymph node to be bean-shaped or ovoid. The efferent lymph vessel directly emerges from the lymph node at the hilum. The arteries and veins supplying the lymph node with blood enter and exit through the hilum. The region of the lymph node called the paracortex immediately surrounds the medulla. Unlike the cortex, which has mostly immature T cells, or thymocytes , the paracortex has a mixture of immature and mature T cells.
Lymphocytes enter the lymph nodes through specialised high endothelial venules found in the paracortex. A lymph follicle is a dense collection of lymphocytes, the number, size and configuration of which change in accordance with the functional state of the lymph node.
For example, the follicles expand significantly when encountering a foreign antigen. The selection of B cells , or B lymphocytes , occurs in the germinal centre of the lymph nodes.
Lymph nodes are particularly numerous in the mediastinum in the chest, neck, pelvis, axilla , inguinal region , and in association with the blood vessels of the intestines. Lymphoid tissue associated with the lymphatic system is concerned with immune functions in defending the body against infections and the spread of tumours.
It consists of connective tissue formed of reticular fibers , with various types of leukocytes , white blood cells , mostly lymphocytes enmeshed in it, through which the lymph passes. Lymphoid tissue can either be structurally well organized as lymph nodes or may consist of loosely organized lymphoid follicles known as the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. The central nervous system also has lymphatic vessels, as discovered by the University of Virginia Researchers.
The search for T-cell gateways into and out of the meninges uncovered functional meningeal lymphatic vessels lining the dural sinuses , anatomically integrated into the membrane surrounding the brain.
The lymphatic vessels , also called lymph vessels, conduct lymph between different parts of the body. They include the tubular vessels of the lymph capillaries , and the larger collecting vessels—the right lymphatic duct and the thoracic duct the left lymphatic duct.
The lymph capillaries are mainly responsible for the absorption of interstitial fluid from the tissues, while lymph vessels propel the absorbed fluid forward into the larger collecting ducts, where it ultimately returns to the bloodstream via one of the subclavian veins. These vessels are also called the lymphatic channels or simply lymphatics. The lymphatics are responsible for maintaining the balance of the body fluids. Its network of capillaries and collecting lymphatic vessels work to efficiently drain and transport extravasated fluid, along with proteins and antigens, back to the circulatory system.
Numerous intraluminal valves in the vessels ensure a unidirectional flow of lymph without reflux. The collecting lymphatics, however, act to propel the lymph by the combined actions of the intraluminal valves and lymphatic muscle cells. Lymphatic tissues begin to develop by the end of the fifth week of embryonic development. The first lymph sacs to appear are the paired jugular lymph sacs at the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins.
Each jugular lymph sac retains at least one connection with its jugular vein, the left one developing into the superior portion of the thoracic duct.
The next lymph sac to appear is the unpaired retroperitoneal lymph sac at the root of the mesentery of the intestine. It develops from the primitive vena cava and mesonephric veins.
Capillary plexuses and lymphatic vessels spread from the retroperitoneal lymph sac to the abdominal viscera and diaphragm. The sac establishes connections with the cisterna chyli but loses its connections with neighbouring veins. The last of the lymph sacs, the paired posterior lymph sacs, develop from the iliac veins. The posterior lymph sacs produce capillary plexuses and lymphatic vessels of the abdominal wall, pelvic region, and lower limbs.
The posterior lymph sacs join the cisterna chyli and lose their connections with adjacent veins. With the exception of the anterior part of the sac from which the cisterna chyli develops, all lymph sacs become invaded by mesenchymal cells and are converted into groups of lymph nodes.
The spleen develops from mesenchymal cells between layers of the dorsal mesentery of the stomach. The lymphatic system has multiple interrelated functions: Lymph vessels called lacteals are at the beginning of the gastrointestinal tract , predominantly in the small intestine. While most other nutrients absorbed by the small intestine are passed on to the portal venous system to drain via the portal vein into the liver for processing, fats lipids are passed on to the lymphatic system to be transported to the blood circulation via the thoracic duct.
There are exceptions, for example medium-chain triglycerides are fatty acid esters of glycerol that passively diffuse from the GI tract to the portal system. The enriched lymph originating in the lymphatics of the small intestine is called chyle. The nutrients that are released into the circulatory system are processed by the liver , having passed through the systemic circulation.
The lymphatic system plays a major role in the body's immune system, as the primary site for cells relating to adaptive immune system including T-cells and B-cells. Cells in the lymphatic system react to antigens presented or found by the cells directly or by other dendritic cells. When an antigen is recognized, an immunological cascade begins involving the activation and recruitment of more and more cells, the production of antibodies and cytokines and the recruitment of other immunological cells such as macrophages.
The study of lymphatic drainage of various organs is important in the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of cancer. The lymphatic system, because of its closeness to many tissues of the body, is responsible for carrying cancerous cells between the various parts of the body in a process called metastasis. The intervening lymph nodes can trap the cancer cells. If they are not successful in destroying the cancer cells the nodes may become sites of secondary tumours.
Lymphadenopathy refers to one or more enlarged lymph nodes. Small groups or individually enlarged lymph nodes are generally reactive in response to infection or inflammation. This is called local lymphadenopathy. When many lymph nodes in different areas of the body are involved, this is called generalised lymphadenopathy. Generalised lymphadenopathy may be caused by infections such as infectious mononucleosis , tuberculosis and HIV , connective tissue diseases such as SLE and rheumatoid arthritis , and cancers , including both cancers of tissue within lymph nodes, discussed below, and metastasis of cancerous cells from other parts of the body, that have arrived via the lymphatic system.
Lymphedema is the swelling caused by the accumulation of lymph, which may occur if the lymphatic system is damaged or has malformations. It usually affects limbs, though the face, neck and abdomen may also be affected. In an extreme state, called elephantiasis , the edema progresses to the extent that the skin becomes thick with an appearance similar to the skin on elephant limbs.
Causes are unknown in most cases, but sometimes there is a previous history of severe infection, usually caused by a parasitic disease , such as lymphatic filariasis. Lymphangiomatosis is a disease involving multiple cysts or lesions formed from lymphatic vessels. Lymphedema can also occur after surgical removal of lymph nodes in the armpit causing the arm to swell due to poor lymphatic drainage or groin causing swelling of the leg.
Treatment is by manual lymphatic drainage. There is no evidence to suggest that the effects of manual lymphatic drainage are permanent. Cancer of the lymphatic system can be primary or secondary. Lymphoma refers to cancer that arises from lymphatic tissue. Lymphoid leukaemias and lymphomas are now considered to be tumours of the same type of cell lineage. They are called "leukaemia" when in the blood or marrow and "lymphoma" when in lymphatic tissue.
They are grouped together under the name "lymphoid malignancy". Lymphoma is generally considered as either Hodgkin lymphoma or non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Hodgkin lymphoma is characterised by a particular type of cell, called a Reed—Sternberg cell , visible under microscope. It is associated with past infection with the Epstein-Barr Virus , and generally causes a painless "rubbery" lymphadenopathy.
It is staged , using Ann Arbor staging. Chemotherapy generally involves the ABVD and may also involve radiotherapy. It is treated according to whether it is high-grade or low-grade , and carries a poorer prognosis than Hodgkin lymphoma. Lymphangiosarcoma is a malignant soft tissue tumour , whereas lymphangioma is a benign tumour occurring frequently in association with Turner syndrome. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a benign tumour of the smooth muscles of the lymphatics that occurs in the lungs.
Lymphoid leukaemia is another form of cancer where the host is devoid of different lymphatic cells. Hippocrates , in the 5th century BC, was one of the first people to mention the lymphatic system. In his work On Joints , he briefly mentioned the lymph nodes in one sentence. Rufus of Ephesus , a Roman physician, identified the axillary, inguinal and mesenteric lymph nodes as well as the thymus during the 1st to 2nd century AD.
In the mid 16th century, Gabriele Falloppio discoverer of the fallopian tubes , described what is now known as the lacteals as "coursing over the intestines full of yellow matter. The lacteals were termed the fourth kind of vessels the other three being the artery, vein and nerve, which was then believed to be a type of vessel , and disproved Galen's assertion that chyle was carried by the veins.
But, he still believed that the lacteals carried the chyle to the liver as taught by Galen. He suspected that fluid to be chyle as its flow increased when abdominal pressure was applied. He traced this fluid to the thoracic duct, which he then followed to a chyle-filled sac he called the chyli receptaculum, which is now known as the cisternae chyli ; further investigations led him to find that lacteals' contents enter the venous system via the thoracic duct.
The idea that blood recirculates through the body rather than being produced anew by the liver and the heart was first accepted as a result of works of William Harvey —a work he published in In , Olaus Rudbeck — , a Swede, discovered certain transparent vessels in the liver that contained clear fluid and not white , and thus named them hepatico-aqueous vessels.
He also learned that they emptied into the thoracic duct and that they had valves. He is also the one to have named them "lymphatic vessels. Galen's ideas prevailed in medicine until the 17th century. It was thought that blood was produced by the liver from chyle contaminated with ailments by the intestine and stomach, to which various spirits were added by other organs, and that this blood was consumed by all the organs of the body. This theory required that the blood be consumed and produced many times over.
Even in the 17th century, his ideas were defended by some physicians. Alexander Monro , of the University of Edinburgh Medical School , was the first to describe the function of the lymphatic system in detail. Lithograph by Pierre Roche Vigneron. Lith de Gregoire et Deneux, ca. Lymph originates in the Classical Latin word lympha "water",  which is also the source of the English word limpid. The adjective used for the lymph-transporting system is lymphatic.
The adjective used for the tissues where lymphocytes are formed is lymphoid. Lymphatic comes from the Latin word lymphaticus , meaning "connected to water. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the massage technique, see Manual lymphatic drainage. Castleman's disease Chylothorax Kawasaki disease Kikuchi disease Lipedema Lymphangitis Lymphatic filariasis Lymphocytic choriomeningitis Solitary lymphatic nodule. Olaus Rudbeck in Biology portal Medicine portal.
Primer to the immune response. Retrieved 12 November Gray's anatomy Thirty-fifth ed. Retrieved 26 October Dispensable but not irrelevant". The New York Times. Thank you and keep up the excellent work. If you ask a doctor about Lymph, they look at you with a blank stare. This is truly a case where only the alternative healers know more than the regular doctors. But, I do know that there is so much information out there that doctors cannot know everything…so patients must educate themselves.
I have one friend who, in the past 2 years, has had to give her doctor the diagnosis herself — fortunatlely, he is very open to her suggestions. I do feel that the lymph drainage is best but I will also add this material on the lymph and Thymus Glandular Support…. The Thymus is the primary gland of the lymphatic system located just beneath the breastbone. The thymus is largest, relative to body weight, at the age of two.
The gland is at its absolute largest at puberty. Thymic Immune Factors Life Extension is a synergistic formula that contains a full complement of herbal activators in addition to fresh, healthy thymus, lymph and spleen tissues. This combination is supportive for optimizing healthy immune function. The primary ingredient is tissue from the master organ of the system: Also included is tissue from the lymph nodes and spleen.
The immune system tissue extracts in this formula are raw, concentrated, and freeze-dried to preserve enzyme activity. I used Natural Sources Raw Thymus. It can be purchased cheaply from Amazon.
It contains lymph as well. Regarding castor oil packs, do you have information about whether the actual packs i. Is it possible to use castor oil directly on the skin, over the liver and abdomen, e. I understand the need to wash off the oil well in any case. Frankly, I would go ahead with whatever you want to use as it is the castor oil that does the job. Put a towel over the Saran Wrap so that you can put a heating pad over it. Warming the Castor Oil is important. They do mail outs but you need a LOT of castor oil to soak that chunk of flannel.
You way may work out just fine and easier too. Of course, there may be toxins in warmed Saran Wrap. Maybe you could use something else. The lymph is ruled by Mutable signs, Water signs, the Moon and Neptune. The 2nd House has some relationship to the function affecting the liver.
The 2nd House is connected to Chi in the body. I have just gone through 6 months of pretty nasty chemo treatments.. I want to stay as I am…. I see it has been written about here again reminding me of the importance hearing cancer loves an acidic diet?
There are many sources for an alkaline diet. I popped my sternum doing dips many years ago…I exercise so much…run ten miles, ride fifty, jump rope…although I was diagnosed with hashi-lyme I finally lost the weight after just eating raw veggies for months. I gained it back though and have weird cellulite in my arms and stomach.
I am guessing I have clogged lymph glands. But why I keep asking? Could it have been from popping that sternum all those years ago? Popping your sternum would not cause clogged lymph or cellulite any more than popping your knuckles. Weight swings can do this — I even saw this on Dr.
I am very interested to read about the lymph system. I am a cancer patient who developed lymphedema 15 years after my surgery where they removed my pelvic lymph nodes due to micro-invasion. I also received radiation. My right left blew up and it took me over 6 months to find a physician who could figure out what was going on.
I currently have a pump that is placed on my leg to do the massage each day. Is there anything else I could go to ease the swelling? It seems to be worse in the heat and humidity. Difficult being in Florida. Lymph swelling after cancer surgery is a common problem.
Many lymph therapists tell me that it takes time but a series of sessions to move and drain the lymph but a very good lymph drainage therapist is important. You need to really check around. I do not know anyone in Florida. Next, castor oil packs are important for draining toxins from lymph congestion. There are many techniques and Cayce often recommended wool flannel soaked in castor oil you can store it in the refrigerator for a long time.
Wrap the soaked material use whatever you can over the swollen area — put a plastic bag over it and then put a heating pad over that. Maybe use a dehumidifier during the summer to keep the moisture out of the air in your home. I have one of these myself. You might contact the ARE www. I only know people in Virginia, Texas and Arizona. I tend to have more lymph congestion in my right side and right leg…what could be causing it?
I have no idea why the right side is more swollen. This is not something that I do. Firstly, may I say this is a lovely and an informative site, an enjoyable read, a keeper. Elaine Hruska is mentioned frequently…she is a gifted healer. Once one learns the lymph system, one is a respecter of the function, how well the system works. For myself, I have noticed lymph under one arm as a thickening from time to time.
In the shower, I feel a thickening which I massage. I use a screw top container with a few tablespoons of Epsom salts with a cup of warmed water. I shake the container and soak cotton pads to apply to the area of swelling. So often people disregard simple remedies like the poultices and packs and heating pad. Use the cotton pads soaked in Epsom salt water as patches to apply to a sore knee. Try the pads across the bridge of the nose for relief of the swelling and pain of seasonal allergy sinus.
The body heals itself. The body in its wisdom knows how to heal. Thank you so much for the suggestion. My partner is having arthritis swelling in his hand bad for a golfer. For arthritis pain, I told him to take mgs of MSN 3 times a day. Well, he could not believe the dosage so he only used it once a day and this helped — but the Epsoms is a great suggestion. I mention the MSN as I had a friend who came to my astrologicla picnicn in crippled with arthritis. When the pain stopped, she stopped taking the MSN.
When it returned, she started up with the dosage again. Now she is arthritis-symptom free. I am very saddened that Elaine relocated to Texas to start the Cayce Center there. I live near Washington DC so this is too far. Every other year, I go to Phoenix to visit a friend and get a lymph treatment with Angie Anderton.
I am wondering why when I have a colonic that after 35 minutes, there is a huge heating of my face, sinuses flush, front of my legs gush, and I release a clearish fluid with fluffy clouds of I suppose mucus in it, yeast? I have been battling constipation on an off for years, and am always working on keeping things moving, but after 3 months without a colonic, my left underarm is really tender and after my colonic I feel better.
The colonic lady is amazed everytime. I do healings and I do ask my body to clear after the initial work is done. I am wondering where my blockage is? I eat right and exercise and do have a low thyroid and NO estrogen in my 58 year old body.
Anything you can recommend? I have not heard so such a reaction from colonics but I never liked them or had a good experience from them. I would gt a yeast infection after many of these so I stopped. One problem that I had with colonics is that a lot of water would remain in my colon. Finally, one woman knew to push it out. The one that I am using now is www. This product is now called Clockwork colon cleanse. I started with 1 pill every day with a lot of water. It takes awhile to work and then it is very natural.
It is not addictive and I do not take it every day…but you can. See if this works. There can be another blockage and you would need a test — a camera looking up there. A friend had a lot of bloating, gas and lots of other stuff— and they finally ran the test into her stomach and found h.
Pylori ulcers blocking an exit. I am big on testing first because there are many possibilities that I cannot see. This has been a very good read. Very helpful in understanding how the lymphatic system works. I have fatty nodules on my back and thighs.
Someone suggested dry brushing. Is their anything one can do to decrease or totally be freed from the nodules or should i have them surgically removed? I actually have one of these on my upper leg as a result of hitting my leg against the edge of a table.
Since I have this, I do not feel that lymph drainage will work and it would take a long time, if at all. Sadly to say, liposuction is all that I know is possible. I have just learned to live with mine but then it is just one large lump. If you have lipomas, you know that they usually are not painful, although they can be uncomfortable if they develop under sensitive areas of the body.
The surgery is a simple procedure done under local anesthetic. Other disadvantages include scarring as well as the possibility that lipomas will recur after surgery. If your lipomas are on visible parts of your body, and you are thinking about having them removed, I suggest consulting a plastic surgeon. Someone posted to use Apple Cider Vinegar but this is a powerful diuretic that upsets the electrolytes. I get muscle fatigue and heart arrhythmia from this. Thank you so much for all of the great info.
I have been suffering from lymphatic congestion for about 3 years. I started having the swelling on my entire right side after I was thrown off a horse with blunt force to right side. I had rotator cuff surgery as a result. My right breast is very fatty and swollen as well as the rest of the right side of my body. I have sought help thro the traditional medical world and more so holistic nurses and remedies. I had blood work done and it all came back great with exception of my estrogen being a bit high.
I am so frustrated and going broke trying to fee better. Overall I am healthy but the swelling and joint pain on my right side affects my day to day life. I had a great lady in North Carolina who was very in tune with my body work on my right shoulder.
She told me that I had a block in shoulder area. This has been coupled with excess gas and lower back pain as well as achy legs. I have a blood test on Thurs and am interested to read about the lymph system. I am also scared. Any idea what this could be? I observe a healthy diet and drink 2l of water each day. Nothing in my diet has changed in the last 2 weeks. Dr originally thought kidney infection but no infection in urine sample.
Mail not published required. Lynn's monthly horoscope column. Lynn Koiner - Astrological Research. Lymphatic Vessels or Capillaries route the fluid on its way to the heart.
Lymph Nodes are bean-shaped structures scattered throughout the body, acting as purification and filtering centers. This is an area where poisons can be absorbed into the system. The Lymphatic Organs are: They also exit in the stomach, intestines and in the head.
This mucosity can cause irritation throughout the system. Sinusitis — These conditions are due to poor lymph circulation. Swellings — When an abnormally large amount o f fluid accumulates in the connective tissue or intercellular space, there is a condition known as EDEMA. Skin — This manifests as eczema, psoriasis, boils, blemishes, erysipelas often caused by strep and dry skin. Arthritis — Cayce stated that this was usually an attack upon the lymph system.
There are 13 categories for arthritis, stemming from bacteria inflection to the aging process. Reading Cracking Joints — This is due to too little circulation in the lymph Knots — This is often seen as knots in the fingers and this was often attributed to the lymph but also too much acidity in the diet.