The Circulatory System

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What is the difference between an artery and a vein?
Share Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Hemolymph is composed of water , inorganic salts mostly sodium , chlorine , potassium , magnesium , and calcium , and organic compounds mostly carbohydrates , proteins , and lipids. You can help by adding to it. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Has valves to prevent the back flow of blood. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime.

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Your Heart & Circulatory System

The atria plural of atrium are where the blood collects when it enters the heart. The ventricles pump the blood out of the heart to the lungs or around the body.

The septum separates the right-hand and left-hand side of the heart. The tricuspid valve is located between the right atrium and right ventricle and opens due to a build-up of pressure in the right atrium. The bicuspid valve is located between the left atrium and left ventricle and likewise opens due to a build-up of pressure, this time in the left atrium.

The semilunar valves stop the back flow of blood into the heart. There is a semilunar valve where the aorta leaves the left ventricle and another where the pulmonary artery leaves the right ventricle.

There are four main blood vessels that take blood into and out of the heart. The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It carries oxygenated blood away from the left ventricle to the body. The vena cava is the largest vein in the body. It carries deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart. Join to get started. The algae in our blends have minimal cellulose in their cell walls, being composed of soft mucopolysaccharides. This high digestibility rate is especially important for people suffering from intestinal malabsorption problems, which are very common nowadays.

Older people have even more difficulty digesting complex proteins leading to restricted diets. Essential for the young, but not in the same way for adults. Important for adult male sexual health as seminal fluid is 80 percent arginine.

Also helps detoxify the blood. May be considered essential mostly in children as it strengthens nerve relays, especially in the auditory organs. Has been used to reverse some cases of deafness. Required for optimal growth, intelligence development and nitrogen equilibrium in the body Used to synthesize other non-essential amino acids.

Stimulator of brain function, increases muscular energy levels. Building block of blood antibodies, strengthens circulatory system and maintains normal growth of cells. Vital lipotropic fat and lipid metabolizing amino acid that maintains liver health. An anti-stress factor, it calms the nerves. Required by the thyroid gland for production of thyroxine which stimulates metabolic rate.

Improves intestinal competence and digestive assimilation. Increases utilization of B vitamins, improves nerve health and stabilizes emotions. Promotes a sense of calm. Stimulates mental capacity and muscle coordination.

Important to male sexual health as seminal fluid is 80 percent arginine. Aids transformation of carbohydrates into cellular energy. Aids pancreatic health, which stabilizes blood sugar and carbohydrate metabolism. Has been used to alleviate some symptoms of food allergy and intolerance.

With glucose, one of the principal fuels for the brain cells. Has been used to reduce alcohol cravings and stabilize mental health.

Promotes energy and oxygen use in the cells. Strengthens nerve relays, especially in the auditory organs. A precursor of glutamic acid. Helps form the protective fatty sheaths surrounding nerve fibers.

Strengthens the heart muscle, boosts vision, and helps prevent macular degeneration; the key component of bile, which is needed for the digestion of fats. Slows aging of cells and suppresses hunger centers in the hypothalamus. Can be synthesized from phenylalanine. Involved in proper coloration of hair and skin, including protection from sunburn. Involved in the breakdown and assimilation of protein.

Protects cardiac health, reduces edema and stabilizes female hormone levels. Some studies suggest that B6, together with the mineral zinc, can cure some forms of schizophrenia. An enzyme that carries CO, during certain biochemical reactions involved in carbohydrate metabolism.

Also acts as a co-enzyme in the assimilation of other B-complex vitamins. Biotin is destroyed by eating raw egg whites and some kinds of raw fish.

The most difficult of all vitamins to obtain from vegetable sources. Bio-Algae Concentrates is extremely rich in this rare vitamin, containing percent more than beef liver, previously thought to be nature's richest source. B12 deficiency results in pernicious anemia, nerve degeneration, premature senility, pronounced fatigue and mental illnesses resembling schizophrenia. The "stress" vitamin, used by the adrenal glands, along with cholesterol and vitamin C, to manufacture cortisone and other steroids in response to physical and mental stress.

Deficiency encourages sensitivity to allergy, infection and degenerative diseases such as arthritis and rheumatism. Ulcers and hypoglycemia have also been associated with shortage of this vitamin. Essential to proper hemoglobin formation in red blood cells.

Deficiency results in anemia, poor growth, skin pigmentation disorders and premature graying of the hair. Vital lipotropic nutrient that sustains liver health and helps detoxify carcinogens, particularly excess female hormones. Helps normalize blood cholesterol levels. With choline, inositol is used by the liver to manufacture lecithin.

Inositol is the second most abundant vitamin in the body, after niacin. Recent studies indicate that inositol, with biotin, reduces loss of scalp hair. Also known as nicotinic acid and niacinamide, which is an alternative form, niacin is essential to mental health.

The Physicians' Desk Reference, a pharmaceutical text used by doctors when prescribing medication, recognizes niacin as an effective cholesterol lowering agent.

The most common vitamin deficiency is that of riboflavin and results in cataracts, failing vision, watery eyes and uncontrollable eczema. A co-enzyme in the breakdown of dietary carbohydrate.

Maintains levels of glucose in the blood. Deficiency results in weakness, cardiac damage, abdominal distention and poor oxygenation. Severe shortage results in death; critical toxemia develops from unmetabolized carbohydrate fragments. It is required for the synthesis of collagen, the intercellular "cement" which holds tissues together. It is also one of the major antioxidant nutrients.

Improves absorption and utilization of Calcium and Phosphorous; required for bone and teeth formation; maintains a stable nervous system and normal heart action. Algae in BioSuperfood contain more vitamin E per gram than pure wheat germ. Vitamin E protects heart and vascular health, promotes oxygenation of cells, and retards aging.

Chloride ions have important physiological roles. Also, the chloride-bicarbonate exchanger biological transport protein relies on the chloride ion to increase the blood's capacity of carbon dioxide, in the form of the bicarbonate ion. A crucial mineral that regulates body electrolyte balance. Deficiency can cause heart arrest, hypertension, adrenal exhaustion and muscular collapse.

The most abundant mineral in the body, it is especially important to bone and dental health, but is also involved in neural transmissions to the muscles. Spirulina in BSF supplies about as much calcium, gram for gram, as milk. Chlorophyll in BSF also contains rare calcium spirulan a well-known agent for its antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory benefits known to be effective against the AIDS virus.

Deficiency can lead to spasmodic muscle disorders, including cardiac irregularities. Helps assimilation of vitamin C, B vitamins and protein. The second most abundant mineral in the human body, it is found in practically every cell. Functions with calcium to maintain bone density. Helps to digest carbohydrates and the B vitamins niacin and riboflavin. Sodium ions play a diverse and important role in many physiological processes. An example of this is signal transduction in the human central nervous system, which depends on sodium ion motion across the nerve cell membrane, in all nerves.

Sulfur is an essential component of all living cells. It is found in the hair, nails and skin, and as much sulfur as potassium is normally found in the body. Sulfur is used to detoxify the body, assist the immune system and fight the effects of aging, as well as age related illnesses such as arthritis.

Description of the digestive system